Surya Grahan, also known as a solar eclipse, is a rare celestial event that occurs when the moon passes between the sun and the earth, casting a shadow on the earth’s surface. This event is one of the most anticipated astronomical phenomena, and the next one is scheduled to occur in India in 2023.
The solar eclipse of 2023 is a significant event for sky watchers and astronomers alike, as it will be the first time in over a decade that a total solar eclipse will be visible in India. The last time a total solar eclipse was visible in India was in 2009.
The eclipse will be visible in parts of eastern and northern India, including Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Sikkim, Bihar, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, and Rajasthan. The maximum eclipse will occur in Arunachal Pradesh, where the sun will be completely covered by the moon.
The eclipse will begin in India on April 8, 2023, at around 11:45 am IST, and will last for approximately three hours. The maximum eclipse, where the sun will be completely covered by the moon, will occur at around 1:35 pm IST, and will last for about four minutes.
Experts advise people to avoid looking directly at the sun during the eclipse, as it can cause permanent damage to the eyes. Special eclipse glasses or filters should be used to view the eclipse safely.
Apart from being a mesmerizing sight to behold, the solar eclipse of 2023 will also provide astronomers with an opportunity to study the sun’s corona, which is the outermost layer of the sun’s atmosphere. The corona is usually only visible during a total solar eclipse, and studying it can help scientists understand the sun’s magnetic field, which can affect the earth’s weather and climate.
In conclusion, the solar eclipse of 2023 is a rare celestial event that sky watchers and astronomers in India should look forward to. It is an opportunity to witness a natural phenomenon that is both awe-inspiring and scientifically significant. With proper precautions, everyone can safely enjoy this rare spectacle.