A solar eclipse or Surya Grahan is a celestial phenomenon that occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and the Earth, casting a shadow on the Earth’s surface. This phenomenon is rare, and the next total solar eclipse or Surya Grahan is expected to occur on March 20, 2023. This celestial event will be visible from parts of North Africa, Europe, and Asia.
The Science behind Surya Grahan
The Surya Grahan occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and the Earth, blocking the Sun’s light and casting a shadow on the Earth’s surface. The shadow is cast in two parts – the umbra and the penumbra. The umbra is the central, darker part of the shadow, where the Sun is completely blocked, and the penumbra is the outer, lighter part of the shadow, where the Sun is partially blocked.
During a total solar eclipse, the Moon completely covers the Sun, and the sky becomes dark as if it were nighttime. This phenomenon occurs because the Moon is much smaller than the Sun, and it is much closer to Earth. The Moon’s shadow falls on the Earth’s surface, and the Sun’s light is blocked. The totality of the eclipse lasts for a few minutes, and the darkness of the sky depends on the position of the observer.
A Complete Guide to Surya Grahan 2023
The total solar eclipse or Surya Grahan of 2023 will occur on March 20, and it will be visible from parts of North Africa, Europe, and Asia. The duration of the eclipse will be around 2 hours and 10 minutes, and the totality will last for approximately 4 minutes and 28 seconds.
The eclipse will begin in the morning at around 09:45 UTC and end at around 11:50 UTC. The totality of the eclipse will occur at different times in different locations. It will start in the North Atlantic Ocean and move towards the northeast, passing over Iceland, Greenland, and the Faroe Islands before reaching the mainland of Europe.
The totality of the eclipse will be visible from parts of the United Kingdom, Norway, and Sweden. The partial eclipse will be visible from parts of North Africa, Europe, and Asia, including Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Greece, Turkey, Russia, and Kazakhstan.
Precautions during Surya Grahan
It is important to take precautions during a solar eclipse as looking directly at the Sun can cause permanent eye damage. The safest way to observe a solar eclipse is to use special solar filters or eclipse glasses that are designed to block out the harmful rays of the Sun. It is also advisable to avoid using regular sunglasses or homemade filters, as they are not safe for viewing the Sun.
The total solar eclipse or Surya Grahan of 2023 is a rare and spectacular celestial event that should not be missed. However, it is important to take precautions and use proper equipment to observe the eclipse safely. With proper planning and precautions, the Surya Grahan can be a fascinating and unforgettable experience.