On October 14, 2023, Pakistan will witness a rare celestial event – a total solar eclipse. A total solar eclipse occurs when the moon passes between the sun and the Earth, casting a shadow on the Earth’s surface and blocking out the sun’s light. This phenomenon occurs once every 18 months or so, but it is rare for it to be visible in a specific location like Pakistan.
The total solar eclipse in Pakistan will last for about 3 minutes and 22 seconds, making it one of the longest total solar eclipses in recent history. The path of the eclipse will begin in the Arabian Sea and pass over the southern coast of Pakistan before moving towards India and other parts of Asia.
This celestial event is not only a spectacle to behold but also has significant scientific value. During a total solar eclipse, the sun’s corona, the outermost layer of the sun’s atmosphere, becomes visible. This allows scientists to study the corona’s magnetic field and the sun’s atmosphere, which is otherwise difficult to observe due to the sun’s brightness.
The total solar eclipse will also have an impact on the environment. As the moon moves in front of the sun, the temperature will drop, and the wind speed will decrease. Animals may become disoriented, thinking that it is nighttime, and birds may even stop singing.
In Pakistan, the total solar eclipse will be visible in the southern parts of the country, including Karachi, Hyderabad, and Sukkur. The Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) has advised people to take necessary precautions while observing the eclipse, such as using special solar filters to protect their eyes.
Furthermore, SUPARCO plans to set up observation camps in different parts of the country to facilitate the public’s safe viewing of the eclipse. The commission is also collaborating with universities and research institutions to carry out scientific studies during the event.
Overall, the total solar eclipse of 2023 is an exciting event that is eagerly anticipated by astronomers and space enthusiasts around the world. Pakistan has been lucky enough to be in the path of this rare celestial phenomenon, and it is an opportunity for the country to showcase its scientific capabilities and promote science education among its citizens.