The year 2023 is set to witness one of the most significant astronomical events – the Surya Grahan, also known as the solar eclipse. A Surya Grahan occurs when the moon comes in between the sun and the earth, casting a shadow on the earth’s surface. The shadow can be total or partial, depending on the alignment of the three celestial bodies. India is set to witness a total solar eclipse on 12 April 2023. Here’s what you need to know about this rare celestial phenomenon.
What is a Surya Grahan?
A solar eclipse occurs when the moon passes between the sun and the earth, blocking the sun’s rays from reaching the earth’s surface. This results in a temporary darkness during the daytime. The duration and intensity of the eclipse depend on the alignment of the sun, moon, and earth. There are three types of solar eclipses – total, partial, and annular. A total solar eclipse occurs when the moon completely covers the sun, while a partial solar eclipse occurs when the moon partially covers the sun. An annular solar eclipse happens when the moon is at its farthest point from the earth, making it appear smaller than the sun and creating a ring of fire effect.
When will the Surya Grahan occur in 2023?
The Surya Grahan in 2023 will occur on 12 April, which is a Wednesday. The eclipse will be visible from parts of India, including Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka, as well as other countries like Indonesia, Australia, and New Zealand. The eclipse will begin at 11:08 am IST and end at 3:43 pm IST. The total eclipse phase will last for around three minutes and forty seconds.
Precautions to take during the Surya Grahan
Watching a solar eclipse can be an exciting and awe-inspiring experience. However, it’s important to take certain precautions to protect your eyes and health during the event. Directly looking at the sun during the eclipse can cause severe damage to your eyes, including blindness. It’s advisable to use special eclipse glasses or filters to view the eclipse safely. You can also use a pinhole projector to view the eclipse indirectly.
In addition to eye safety, it’s also essential to take care of your health during the eclipse. Pregnant women are advised to stay indoors during the eclipse, as the sudden change in light can cause a hormonal imbalance. It’s also recommended to avoid eating or drinking during the eclipse, as it is believed to be inauspicious in some cultures.
The Surya Grahan in 2023 is a rare astronomical event that is set to occur in India. While watching the eclipse can be an exciting experience, it’s important to take certain precautions to protect your eyes and health. You can use special eclipse glasses or filters to view the eclipse safely, or use a pinhole projector to view the eclipse indirectly. With the right precautions, you can witness this spectacular event without putting your health at risk.